Without a surge in monetary growth, fiscal policy alone doesn’t indicate inflation
Financial markets have reacted strongly to the election of US President Donald Trump. While equities in the US and elsewhere have risen strongly (reflecting expectations of stronger growth and therefore improved corporate earnings), bond prices have fallen (reflecting higher yields, in turn a result of higher inflation expectations). As debate continues around President Trump’s fiscal stimulus program, a key question has emerged: What role might his policies play in creating inflation?
A large fiscal deficit does not necessarily lead to inflation
Among the main drivers of higher inflation expectations, one isContinue
Investments in R&D lay the groundwork for potential future growth
As fourth-quarter earnings season winds down, it appears that US large-cap companies are on solid footing. Average year-over-year earnings for the S&P 500 Index grew two consecutive quarters to close out 2016 — the first time that has happened in more than two years.1
Large-cap growth companies fared especially well during the fourth quarter, with the Nasdaq-100 Index recording its third consecutive quarter of year-over-year earnings growth. Both the Nasdaq-100 Index and the S&P 500 Index exceeded Wall Street earnings expectations in the fourth quarter — beating average consensus estimates by 7.1% and 2.6%, respectively.1Continue
Fed’s constructive growth and inflation outlook likely paves the way for further hikes
The US Federal Reserve (the Fed) hiked its benchmark short-term interest rate by 25 basis points today, as expected. The statement was generally neutral, in our view, with upbeat commentary around the current growth backdrop. Inflation commentary was more mixed, stating that headline inflation has moved closer to the Fed’s target, yet emphasizing that core inflation continues to run below the Fed‘s target. Overall, the statement was similar to the January‒February statement, meaning that little has changed to alter the Fed’s view since then.
The Fed also released its widely anticipated Summary of Economic Projections (SEP), which includes the forecast of the federal funds rate or the so-called “dots.” The projected year-end 2017 federal funds rate indicates three rate hikes, unchanged from December’s SEP release, while the bond market had only been pricing in two prior to today’s announcement.1 The longer-run federal funds rate was unchanged at 3.0%. Growth and inflation projections were largely unchanged with only a slight upward revision to 2017 core inflation, from 1.8% to 1.9%.2
In her press conference, Fed Chair Janet Yellen stated that an unchanged SEP is consistent with gradual rate increases over time. The Fed is discussing and monitoring fiscal policy changes but has not yet included potential impacts in its projections. Therefore, federal funds rate projections were left unchanged.
Rate hike is third in 15 months, two more likely in 2017
The Federal Reserve raised interest rates today by 0.25% — the third such rate hike in the past 15 months. The Fed’s decision was largely priced into the financial markets, which assigned a 98% probability to the rate increase in the days leading up to today’s announcement.1 In keeping with its two previous rate hikes, the Fed explained today’s decision as an appropriate response to an economy expanding at a moderate pace and a labor market experiencing solid jobs gains.
Rate hike seems unlikely to derail US economic growthContinue
Driven by demonetization, India’s economic rejuvenation points toward a positive long-term outlook
By any measure, 2016 was a year of seismic economic change for India, particularly with the surprise “currency exchange program” in November, also referred to as demonetization. Three months after this unprecedented move, the overhang already seems to be behind us. Industrial production surged sharply by 5.6%, capital goods within manufacturing recorded 15% growth after several months of contraction, and electricity generation picked up to 8.9%.1 Overall car sales also reported an increase of 16% year-over-year.2 These positive macro points confirmed the view of the Equity Investment Team in Asia that the impact of demonetization would be transitory in nature.
Structural growth in India — especially domestic consumption — remains promising over the long term. Looking ahead, we expectContinue
Bond markets likely to absorb rate increase with limited impact, but questions remain on Fed’s economic projections
In its March 14‒15 meetings, the Federal Reserve (Fed) will decide whether to raise interest rates for the third time since it began monetary policy normalization 15 months ago.1 Invesco Fixed Income believes there is a high probability that the Fed will raise its policy rate by 0.25% next week. Fed Chair Janet Yellen and Vice Chair Stanley Fischer have indeed signaled in recent statements that they believe a rate increase is likely to be appropriate. Further monetary tightening has been in the cards for some time; however, the bond markets had not placed a high probability of a March rate hike even a few weeks ago.
What has changed in the last few weeks to cement expectations of a March hike?Continue