The only constant is change — and the global market is certainly proof of that. As we assess our outlook for the rest of the year, we see several potential changes that could impact international small- and all-cap funds. Here are the five trends we anticipate having the biggest effect — and the ways the Invesco International and Global Growth team is poised to respond.
1. Dry powder could be helpful in a correction
First, there is always the possibility of a market correction, in which case we believe our team would be well-positioned, with double-digit cash exposure in our small-cap funds — Invesco International Small Company Fund (16.70%) and Invesco European Small Company Fund (25.40%) — as of June 30, 2017. The same would hold true for the all-cap Invesco European Growth Fund, (13.50%), which had 37.64% small-cap exposure at the end of the second quarter.
2. Volatility could reveal opportunities
There is also the potential for volatility to pick up from very low levels. This could be beneficial, as it would increase our opportunity set if high-quality companies were to be negatively impacted by market volatility and come down in price. It could also potentially aid some of our holdings. For example, we would expect the two exchange groups in Invesco International Small Company Fund — Bolsa Mexicana De Valores1 and Oslo Bors VPS Holdings2 — to benefit from a pickup in investor trading activity.
3. Higher interest rates could also come into play
We believe we’d be well-positioned in this circumstance, as our small-cap fund holdings, on average, have net cash — meaning companies could not only earn more money on their interest balances, but could also be competitively advantaged as more-leveraged peers feel stress.
In addition, higher interest rates could be positive for our retail bank holdings. In the small-cap funds, as of June 30, 2017, we owned a number of French regional banks, as well as Banca Transilvania3 and Israel Discount Bank4. These banks could benefit from faster re-pricing of assets than of deposits.
4. Reporting standards will change for operating leases
Another way we expect the investing environment to change is through the increased attention paid to operating leases. The new International Financial Reporting Standard, IFRS 16, will take effect in 2019. Operating leases don’t typically attract a lot of attention, but they are basically off-balance-sheet debt. The sell side rarely makes any mention of them in reports, but our team has always looked very closely at this element, treating it as debt. With large store portfolios and related leases, the retail sector will be most affected by this change. As of June 30, 2017, we owned no retailers in Invesco European Small Company Fund and only one — a South African motor retailer — in Invesco International Small Company Fund.
5. Fewer analysts may be following small caps
Finally, we anticipate decreased analyst coverage for small caps in the future. One of the key drivers for this is the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) II standard in Europe, which will take effect at the beginning of 2018. Essentially, this directive will unbundle research and trading commissions, accelerating analyst attrition on the sell side — and most likely, causing less attention to be paid to small caps.
Our team has greatly de-emphasized sell-side research, and we have a healthy number of holdings that have zero analyst coverage (12 out of 78 holdings in Invesco European Small Company Fund, and eight out of 82 holdings in Invesco International Small Company Fund, as of June 30, 2017). Having already addressed the issue of decreased analyst coverage, we consider this scenario a positive for our funds as compared to our peers.
And one item we see as a constant: Takeovers
Despite our focus on areas of potential change in the investing climate, it’s important to consider one thing we don’t expect to change — takeovers. We feel that takeovers will continue to be a positive tailwind for small caps. Not only is private equity still flush with large fund-raisings, but trade buyers are quite active in mergers and acquisitions. We believe this trend may benefit us. We focus on earnings, quality and valuation to seek attractively valued small caps for our investors, and those characteristics should continue to make these companies good takeover targets as well, in our view.
1 As of June 30, 2017, Bolsa Mexicana De Valores comprised 1.70% of Invesco International Small Company Fund. It was not held by Invesco European Small Company Fund or Invesco European Growth Fund.
2 As of June 30, 2017, Oslo Bors VPS Holdings comprised 0.08% of Invesco International Small Company Fund. It was not held by Invesco European Small Company Fund or Invesco European Growth Fund.
3 As of June 30, 2017, Banca Transilvania comprised 1.66% of Invesco International Small Company Fund, 1.07% of Invesco European Small Company Fund and 0.00% of Invesco European Growth Fund.
4 As of June 30, 2017, Israel Discount Bank comprised 1.44% of Invesco International Small Company Fund, 2.15% of Invesco European Small Company Fund and 1.43% of Invesco European Growth Fund.
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The performance of an investment concentrated in issuers of a certain region or country is expected to be closely tied to conditions within that region and to be more volatile than more geographically diversified investments.
The risks of investing in securities of foreign issuers, including emerging market issuers, can include fluctuations in foreign currencies, political and economic instability, and foreign taxation issues.
Stocks of small and mid-sized companies tend to be more vulnerable to adverse developments, may be more volatile, and may be illiquid or restricted as to resale.
Growth stocks tend to be more sensitive to changes in their earnings and can be more volatile.
The funds are subject to certain other risks. Please see the current prospectus for more information regarding the risks associated with an investment in the funds.
Holdings are subject to change and are not buy/sell recommendations.
Jason Holzer, CFA
Senior Portfolio Manager
Jason Holzer is a senior portfolio manager with the Invesco International Growth team, focusing on mid- and small-cap European, Canadian, Middle Eastern and African equities. Mr. Holzer is a lead portfolio manager on the Invesco European Growth strategy, the Invesco European Small Company strategy, the Invesco Global Small & Mid Cap Growth strategy and the Invesco International Small Company strategy.
Mr. Holzer joined Invesco in 1996 as a senior equities analyst on the International Growth team and was promoted to portfolio manager in 1999. He assumed his current role as a senior portfolio manager in 2000. He began his investment management career in 1994 as an associate with JMB Realty.
Mr. Holzer earned a BA degree in quantitative economics and an MS degree in engineering-economic systems from Stanford University. He is a CFA charterholder.