What could short-term volatility mean for long-term investors?

This current market volatility could lead to tomorrow’s long-term opportunities

Markets are continuing to be highly volatile — and the past two weeks have seen historic gains and losses. While I prefer to evaluate performance over longer periods, it’s understandable that investors are especially interested in the market’s daily fluctuations. Here’s what I’ll be watching in the coming week and months.

This current market volatility could lead to tomorrow’s long-term opportunities

On Feb. 28, the CBOE Volatility Index® (VIX®) — which measures expectations of near-term volatility — closed at 40.11.1 This is unusual, as there have only been seven periods since 1990 that saw the VIX finish the week over 35, but it’s hardly surprising given the recent volatility we’ve seen.

Interestingly, though, history shows that a weekly close in the VIX above 35 is correlated with higher stock prices in the next year. One year after each of the seven periods where the VIX closed over 35, the S&P 500 Equal Weight Index was higher, with an average return of 15.5%.1 In contrast, the average VIX  return was -38.4%. What’s more, over the same period, the S&P 500 Equal Weight Index outpaced the S&P 500 by 0.4%. (The one exception was the aftermath of Sep. 11 and headwind created by the “popping” of the technology bubble.)

So, what does this mean for investors? In my view, the VIX reflects investors’ current state of unease, but it also represents a buying opportunity for investors willing to take a longer-term approach.

Equity volatility may linger

The US market is in for a volatile year. Recent news reports suggest the worst of the coronavirus has yet to impact the US, and the market will be vulnerable to pricing the policy risk in the leadup to the November presidential election. The country is very polarized, so I believe there is a risk that President Donald Trump’s generally friendly fiscal/regulatory policies could be reversed. I believe the political dynamic is a reason for investors to consider holding onto low-volatility stocks. 

Tracking the impact of the coronavirus

When it comes to monitoring the impact of the coronavirus on economic activity, I recommend watching the price of oil and the direction of industrial commodity prices. Energy is critical to transportation and production, and it is likely to produce less noise than government comments and the talking heads in the media. 

Moreover, the Atlanta Federal Reserve’s (Fed) GDPNOW forecast for Q1 growth is 2.7%2, durable good orders looked to be on the upswing (helped by the inventory cycle), and pending home sales appeared to be especially strong. 3 Moreover, the Philadelphia Fed non-manufacturing survey was stout, pointing to robust growth.4 The strength of economic growth going into to the shock of the coronavirus may reduce the severity of its impact on the market. 

1 Source: Bloomberg, L.P. as of Feb. 28, 2020. VIX closed at 45.1; on June 4, 2010, the VIX closed at 35.5; and on Aug. 12, 2011, the VIX closed at 36.4. The seven periods where the VIX closed over 35 were Oct 31,  1997 to Oct. 31, 1998; Aug. 28, 1998 to Aug. 28, 1999; Sep. 21, 2001 to Sept. 21, 2002; July 19, 2002 to July 19, 2003; Oct. 3, 2008 to Oct. 3, 2009; June 4,  2010 to June 4, 2011; and Aug. 12, 2011 to Aug. 12, 2012. Past performance does not guarantee future results. An investment cannot be made into an index.

2 Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta GDPNOW as of March 2, 2020

3 Source: Bloomberg LP as of February 29, 2020

4 Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia Nonmanufacturing Business Outlook Survey (NBOS) as of Feb. 25, 2020

Important information

Blog header image: Mima Foto/Stocksy

All investing involves risk, including the risk of loss.

There is no guarantee that low-volatility stocks will provide low volatility.

The CBOE Volatility Index® (VIX®) is a key measure of market expectations of near-term volatility conveyed by S&P 500 stock index option prices. VIX is the ticker symbol for the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE) Volatility Index, which shows the market’s expectation of 30-day volatility.

The S&P 500® Equal Weight Index is the equally weighted version of the S&P 500® Index.

The S&P 500® Index is an unmanaged index considered representative of the US stock market.

Nick Kalivas is a Senior Equity Product Strategist representing Invesco’s exchange-traded funds (ETFs). In this role, Mr. Kalivas works on researching, developing product-specific strategies and creating thought leadership to position and promote the smart beta equity lineup.

Prior to joining Invesco, Mr. Kalivas spent the majority of his career in the futures industry, delivering research, strategy and market intelligence to institutional and high net worth clients centered in the equity and interest rate markets. He was a featured contributor for the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, and provided research services to a New York-based global macro commodity trading advisor where he supplied insight on equities, fixed income, foreign exchange and commodities. Nick has been quoted in the Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, Reuters, New York Times and by the Associated Press, and has made numerous appearances on CNBC and Bloomberg.

Mr. Kalivas has a BBA in accounting and finance from the University of Wisconsin – Madison and an MBA from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business with concentrations in economics, finance, and statistics. He holds the Series 7 and Series 63 registrations.